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Blog Archive for the ‘Language’ Category

Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative

by Heather Ryan on June 10th, 02009

I have just stumbled across the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI), which contains images and catalog information for cuneiform tablets dating from ca. 3350 B.C., or the age when writing began. As of February 8, 2008, the collection contained 225,000 cuneiform texts and 85,000 images. The CDLI brings together the collections of. . .   Read More

Klingon, Elvish and Esperanto — Linguist takes a serious look at Invented Languages

by Laura Welcher on June 1st, 02009

What do Klingon, Elvish and Esperanto have in common?  They are all explicitly constructed languages — some for fictional worlds, some for the real world.  Some are created to entertain, others have such lofty goals as achieving world peace.  Some have dictionaries, grammars and language academies.  All have a fair number of real world speakers, and. . .   Read More

FOXP2 human language gene changes mouse squeaks

by Laura Welcher on May 29th, 02009

What happens when you substitute the human FOXP2 gene for that of a mouse?  According to researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, not much, except this interesting result — it changes their vocalizations.

While the FOXP2 gene is important in the development of many different tissues, in humans it affects the development of. . .   Read More

Multi-millennial brain teasers

by Laura Welcher on May 27th, 02009

Put down your crosswords, cryptograms and sudoku.  Instead try boosting your brain power by deciphering an ancient script.  In case you have forgotten which ones are still available and want to stake your claim, here is a catalog with difficulty ranking based on two important criteria:  language (known/unknown) and script (known/unknown).  All have. . .   Read More

Historical Chinese characters – an endangered script?

by Laura Welcher on May 5th, 02009

Can a logographic script of a major world language survive its own government bureaucracy?  As reported in the NY Times:

“Seeking to modernize its vast database on China’s 1.3 billion citizens, the government’s Public Security Bureau has been replacing the handwritten identity card that every Chinese must carry with a computer-readable. . .   Read More

Modern code cracking adventures with ancient Indus Valley Script suggest it represents spoken language

by Laura Welcher on April 29th, 02009

 

In an article published in the April 24 issue of Sciences, researchers describe how they applied a computational process called “comparative entropy” to a corpus of ancient Indus Valley Script texts.  The results of the analysis show a kind of patterning they argue is only found in glottographic, or speech-based, writing systems.  The complex. . .   Read More

Long Now at the Commonwealth Club

by Danielle Engelman on April 11th, 02009

 

For those of you in the Bay Area, Laura Welcher and Alexander Rose will be giving a talk on the Rosetta Project and endangered languages at The Commonwealth Club on Monday April 13th 02009. Tickets are available on the Commonwealth Club web site.  The talk will walk through the decade long process of collecting and. . .   Read More

Frame your Google with Afaan Oromoo

by Laura Welcher on April 8th, 02009

 

Oromo, a language of Ethiopia with about 9,000,000 speakers, now joins languages like Mandarin, English and Spanish — languages with hundreds of millions of speakers — (and yes, Elmer Fudd-speak and Klingon) as the newest addition to Google’s multilingual interface.   This translation effort was made possible by over four years of work by. . .   Read More

Daniel Everett, “Endangered Languages, Lost Knowledge and the Future”

by Stewart Brand on March 23rd, 02009

Language revolution

The Pirahã tribe in the heart of the Amazon numbers only 360, spread in small groups over 300 miles. An exceptionally cheerful people, they live with a focus on immediacy, empiricism, and physical rigor that has shaped their unique language, claims linguist Daniel Everett.

The Pirahã language has no numbers or concept of. . .   Read More

Whither our global linguistic future?

by Laura Welcher on February 24th, 02009

Two recent TED talks present a striking contrast in what the near-term future of human communication might be like — a multilingual world increasingly enabled by technology, or one where we all learn a lingua franca to participate in global public discourse.

Given that one out of every six people on the planet speak Mandarin. . .   Read More